10 Common kitchen eatables that are toxic for you. 

It’s an amazing piece of information. The vedio labels top ten foods that can kill you is aptly correct and we shouldn’t unhear such warning vedios in the first place. 

If we love ourself we should be aware of the common kitchen foods that sometime due to peculiar reasons can harm us or even kill us. Not to forget that health is wealth. And when it comes to knowing hazards from our own surroundings we should never miss an opportunity, not today and not any day after. 

Hope this info serve what popular food lables do not. For more such vedios please like and share my blog and stay healthy.  
https://youtu.be/nuHOK9UegCw

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List of major theorists and school of thoughts

Structuralism :- started in 20th century with works of Ferdinand de Sassure’s ( Course in General Linguistics) based on notes compilation by his students. Term first appears in French anthropologist Claude Levi Strauss. He defined structuralism as “the search for the underlying patterns of thought in all forms of human activity.”

  1. Rassian formalism
  2. The prague school
  3. Semiotics 
  4. Structuralist narratology


Psychoanalytic Criticism

American Deconstruction

Post structuralism : Post-Structuralism is a late 20th Century movement in philosophy and literary criticism, which is difficult to summarize but which generally defines itself in its opposition to the popular Structuralism movement which preceded it in 1950s and 1960s France.

Archetypal Criticism

Feminism

Lesbian and Gay Theories

  1. Social constructivism
  2. Queer Theory

Ecocriticism and environmental literary studies

Technocriticism : Technocriticism is a branch of critical theory devoted to the study of technological change.

Figures engaged in technocritical scholarship and theory include Donna Haraway and Bruno Latour(who work in the closely related field of science studies), N. Katherine Hayles (who works in the field of Literature and Science), Phil Agree and Mark Poster (who works in intellectual history), Marshall McLuhan and Friedrich Kittler (who work in the closely related field of media studies), Susan Squier and Richard Doyle (who work in the closely related field of medical sociology), and Hannah ArendtWalter BenjaminMartin Heidegger, and Michel Foucault (who sometimes wrote about the philosophy of technology). Technocriticism can be juxtaposed with a number of other innovative interdisciplinary areas of scholarship which have surfaced in recent years such as technoscience and technoethics.

Modernism

Post modernism

Marxism

Cultural Studies

  1. New historicism: The term New Historicism was coined by Stephen Greenblatt around 1980s. J.W. Lever and Jonathan Dollimore are two practitioners of this theory.
  2. Cultural materialism : The origin of cultural materialism can be traced back to work of the left-wing literary critic Raymond Williams, who coined the term cultural materialism.

    African American Aesthetic and Literary Theory

    Dialogic Criticism : Dialogic criticism is a method of understanding literature that draws meaning from the interplay of several disparate voices. At the heart of Bakhtin’s approach is the idea that no one perspective or voice holds a monopoly on truth. Dialogic criticism is intertwined with the concept of heteroglossia, the idea that any text or artistic work contains multiple viewpoints. 

    Hermeneutics : Hermeneutics: This is the study of the theoryand methodology of interpretation. … Generally, traditional hermeneutics is the science of interpretation of texts in the fields of law, religion and literatureHermeneuticscovers all versions of interpretative process of written verbal and non-verbal communications.

    Speech-Act Theory 
    Post Colonial Criticism : Hermeneutics: This is the study of the theoryand methodology of interpretation. … Generally, traditional hermeneutics is the science of interpretation of texts in the fields of law, religion and literatureHermeneuticscovers all versions of interpretative process of written verbal and non-verbal communications.

    Phelomenological Criticism : Phenomenology is a method of Literary Criticism which inspects the text without presuppositions about ontology or epistemology. (Ontology is the theory of the nature of being, Epistemology that of the nature of knowledge). Phenomenological Criticism.Phenomenology is a method of LiteraryCriticism which inspects the text without presuppositions about ontology or epistemology. (Ontology is the theory of the nature of being, Epistemology that of the nature of knowledge).

    Reader Response Theory 

    1. Reception theory 

    Stylistics


    Pollution: Crash Course Ecology by Hank


    Wherever we go whatever we do Environment is present and we are always interacting with our environment. But since industrialization and emergence of highly work ethical victorian society, we are encountering environment pollution before a purer form of environment. 

    Watch “Pollution: Crash Course Ecology #11” on YouTube

    In the vedio hank talks about how from simplest pieces of litter to the more complex endocrine disruptors. We humans have become the sole cause of traping our beautiful planet into clutches of all the different form of pollution. As if land water and air pollutants were not enough for us we went on to causing sound, light and radioactive polution as well. 

    This topic is in unpresedented neglect in modern political hands, yet it gained a lot of momentum in recent year. Not just a great topic of our life’s concern, it is hugely important and covered by most of the competetive examz worldwide. Here’s a really nice vedio that will inform you inthe most pleasant and interesting manner. Thanks again to the nerd who made it. He is obviously interesting when speaks.

    So hear him now and don’t forget to subscribe to fairycrush. Please like the content and think about our planet in the real time.

    Watch “Wagashi Japan Plus” on YouTube

    JAPANESE WAGASHI 

    Like every place has its own traditional food Japan too isn’t an exception. May be Japan surpass most cultures in a kind of sweet preparation technique representing the seasons of the nature. 

    With such a rich cultural heritage and such closeness towards nature no wonder why Japan is assumed as such a great nation.
    You may keep your culture supreme but trust me Japan’s Wagashi cousines will totally blow you away. This amazing vedio very beautifully describes the food art of their nation. It got me droling at the screen. It no dount is the best thing for sweets lovers over internt.

    Please like my content and subscribe to my blog if you find it appealing and upto your taste buds. I will be back with lot more amazing vedios .till then enjoy watching it.

    A bizzare Fish that lives on land


    This is the future of immortality in humans …. You herd it right, this fish can live without food or water for years and still go on to grow like crazy. May be next level of farming fish will occure underground with this fantastic fish that lives on ground. These amazing creatures are lot more than wonderful just by the fact of their existence

    Watch “Lung Fish, the fish that lives on land without any food or water” on YouTube
    Watch this vedio it’s going to make you wonder how much we have yest to figure out about mother nature. It never stops amazing us.

    If you like the article do not forget to like and subscribe. Stay tuned.

    Virginia Woolf Documentary/ Works/ Quiz

    Adeline Virginia Woolf (née Stephen; 25 January 1882 – 28 March 1941) D/O Leslie Stephen is the major force behind feminist movement. She is the key figure of modern literature and an eminint member of the influential Bloomsbury Group of intellectuals. She published her first novel titled The Voyage Out in 1915. She established Hogarth Press, a publishing house, with her husband, Leonard Woolf


    Her first novel, The Voyage Out, was published in 1915 by her half-brother’s imprint, Gerald Duckworth and Company Ltd. This novel was originally titled Melymbrosia, but Woolf repeatedly changed the draft. 

    Jacob’s Room is the third novel by Virginia Woolf. The novel centres, in a very ambiguous way, around the life story of the protagonist Jacob Flanders and is presented almost entirely through the impressions other characters have of Jacob. He does not exist as a concrete reality, but rather as a collection of memories and sensations.

     Mrs Dalloway (1925) centres on the efforts of Clarissa Dalloway, a middle-aged society woman, to organise a party, as her life is paralleled with that of Septimus Warren Smith, a working-class veteran who has returned from the First World War bearing deep psychological scars.

    To the Lighthouse (1927) is set on two days ten years apart. The plot centres on the Ramsay family’s anticipation of and reflection upon a visit to a lighthouse and the connected familial tensions. One of the primary themes of the novel is the struggle in the creative process that beset painter Lily Briscoe while she struggles to paint in the midst of the family drama. The novel is also a meditation upon the lives of a nation’s inhabitants in the midst of war, and of the people left behind. It also explores the passage of time, and how women are forced by society to allow men to take emotional strength from them.

    Orlando (1928) is one of Virginia Woolf’s lightest novels. A parodic biography of a young nobleman who lives for three centuries without ageing much past thirty (but who does abruptly turn into a woman), the book is in part a portrait of Woolf’s lover Vita Sackville-West. It was meant to console Vita for the loss of her ancestral home, Knole House, though it is also a satirical treatment of Vita and her work. In Orlando, the techniques of historical biographers are being ridiculed; the character of a pompous biographer is being assumed in order for it to be mocked.

    A Room of One’s Own, 1929, is an extended essay based on a series of lectures she delivered at Newnham College and Girton College. It employs a fictional narrator and narrative to explore women both as writers of and characters in fiction, the manuscript for the delivery of the series of lectures, titled “Women and Fiction”

    The Waves (1931) presents a group of six friends whose reflections, which are closer to recitatives than to interior monologues proper, create a wave-like atmosphere that is more akin to a prose poem than to a plot-centred novel”.

    Flush: A Biography (1933) is a part-fiction, part-biography of the cocker spaniel owned by Victorian poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning. The book is written from the dog’s point of view. Woolf was inspired to write this book from the success of the Rudolf Besier’s play The Barretts of Wimpole Street

    “Her last work, Between the Acts (1941), sums up and magnifies Woolf’s chief preoccupations: the transformation of life through art, sexual ambivalence, and meditation on the themes of flux of time and life, presented simultaneously as corrosion and rejuvenation—all set in a highly imaginative and symbolic narrative encompassing almost all of English history.

    The book describes the mounting, performance, and audience of a play at a festival in a small English village, just before the outbreak of the Second World War.

    Virginia Woolf Quiz

    1. Woolf’s most popular novel during her lifetime was?

         (The Years)

    2. Original title of  The voyage out, for which l Woolf repeatedly changed the draft was ?

         (Melymbrosia)

    3. What is the setting in ‘To The Lighthouse’ ?

         (two days – ten years apart in Isle of Skye in Scotland between 1910 and 1920 )

    4. Which novel of Woolf is cited as a key example of the literary technique of multiple focalization ? 

          ( To the Lighthouse , 1927)

    5. ‘To The Lighthouse’ is devided into 3 parts namely?

          ( The window, Time passes, The lighthouse respectively).

    6. In which of her work, the eponymous hero is born as a male nobleman in England during the reign of Elizabeth I. He undergoes a mysterious change of sex at the age of about 30 and lives on for more than 300 years into modern times without ageing perceptibly ? 

        (Orlando 1928)

    7. Which poem is published by Orlando centuries after starting it, for which she wins a prize?

        (The Oak Tree)

    8. Woolf pioneered in the use of which  narrative device ?

         (stream of consciousness)

    9.”Give her a room of her own and five hundred a year, let her speak her mind and leave out half that she now puts in, and she will write a better book one of these days.” These lines occure in which of Woolf’s work ?

         (A Room of One’s Own, 1929)

    10. During what conditions in England was woolf writing her novels resulting in related themes of her novels?

          ( During the interwar period)

    Literary Criticism: part 3

    Romantic

    1. Coleridge
    2. Shelly
    3. Wordsworth
    4. Keats
    • Major critical works of Coleridge are Biographia Literaria and Lectures on Shakespeare and Other Poets. His literary remarks are scattered in The Friend, Table talks, Letters, Aids to reflection, Confession of an Inquiring Spirit, Anima poetae, and Sibylline Leaves.
    •  Key ideas expressed by Coleridge in his criticism are :
    1. Fancy and imagination (primary and secondary) : Fancy is not a creative power at all. It only combines what is perceives into beautiful shapes, but imagination fuse and unify. 
    2. The term suspension of disbelief: a willingness to suspend one’s critical faculties and believe the unbelievable; sacrifice of realism and logic for the sake of enjoyment.

    • Lectures on Shakespeare is devoted to practical criticism, whereas Biographia Literaria is a work on literary aesthetics or literary theory. 

    • Shelley as Sidney did, wrote a pamphlet ‘The Defence of Poetry’ in response to Thomas love Peacock’s attack on poetry in his ‘Four ages of Poetry’ (1820) in which peacock devided poetry in four ages Iron, gold, silver and copper (which is the contemporary age).
    • Criticism of Wordsworth consist of : 1. Advertisement to the lyrical ballads (1798), 2. Preface to the lyrical ballads (1800), 3. Preface to the lyrical ballads with an appendix on Poetic diction ( 1802).
    • Poetry for Wordsworth is “the spontaneous overflow of powerful emotions” and the stages of poetic process are 1. recollection, 2. contemplation, 3. renewal of the original emotions and 4. composition.
    • Wordsworth theory of poetic diction suggests it should be “section of language really used by men”. He defends the use of metre.

    Victorian

    1. Mathew Arnold
    2. Walter Pater
    • Matthew Arnold’s cronology of critical writing is: phase 1 The Preface to the Poems, On Translating Homer, Essay in Criticism (1st series) phase 2 Culture and Anarchy, Literature and Dogma phase 3 Essay in Criticism (2nd series) . Arnolds second phase of criticism is socio ethical.
    • Arnold’s theory of poetry follows Classicism  and Hellenism. It lays stress on significance of action. He pleads to choose ancient subjects for writing a poem and actions should be such that “please always and please all”. He thinks manner and style can never cover the inferiority of of a subject. Harmony comes from manner and matter both.
    • Function of poetry poetry makes men moral, better and nobler, but it does so not through direct teaching but by appealing to the soul.
    • A critic must “see things as they are”, critic hence is seen as a seer and a missionary who changes the world by learning and handing over the best ideas to others. In this regard Arnold priscribed the Touchstone method . Here he is against historic estimate and personal estimate and suggests to attain the real estimate.
    • Arnold is a Moralist and classicist believes in principle “Art for life’s sake”, Walter Pater is a Romantic Impressionist believes in  “Art for art’s sake”. Pater is associated with Aesthetic movement. In his views a critics duty is to record his own impressions of the work and communicate the pleasure he derives. For him imaginative literature is higher and fatual literature is lower. The critic shouldnot depend on rules but on sensibilities.

    Modern

    1. TS Eliot
    • He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literaturein 1948, “for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry”.
    • His critical pronouncements are widely scattered in journals and periodicals, now collected in books like ‘On Poetry and Poets’ , ‘To Criticize the Critic’, etc.. his major criticism are ‘Tradition and Individual Talent’, ‘Poetry and Drama’, ‘Function of Criticism’, ‘The English Metaphysical Poets’, and ‘The Frontiers of Criticism’.
    • He is largely known for revival of intrest in Metaphysical Poetry of 17th century.
    • The phrase Objective correlative  was first use by Eliot in his essay on Hamlet. Explained with the example of lady Macbeth agony shown by the ‘sleep walking sceen’ where the author conveys her emotional state not through direct discription of her feelings but through her actions.
    • In his ‘Essay on Metaphysical Poets’ Eliot advocates Unification of sensibility, found in works of Metaphysical Poets (combining thought and feelings) which is essential for good poetry, also dissociation of sensibility results in bad poetry. 
    • He is of the openion that good works of art make a tradition which keeps on living begining right from Homer. So only good and essential must be followed. In his Essay ‘Tradition and …’ published in ‘After Strange Gods’ he says “poetry is not turning loose of emotions, but an escape from emotions, it is not the expression of personality, but an escape from personality” meaning poet must depersonalise his emotions. Hereon it follows that there is no relationship between poet’s personality and the poem. A poet is great because he has a mind in which varied feelings are at liberty to enter, into new combinations.

      Literary criticism: timeline/ shortnotes/ part 2

      Renaissance

      1. Sidney : His works include Astrophel and StellaThe Defence of Poesy(also known as The Defence of Poetry or An Apology for Poetry), and The Countess of Pembroke’s Arcadia.
      2. Ben Jonson : He popularised the comedy of humours. He is best known for the satirical plays Every Man in His Humour (1598) Volpone, or The Fox (1606) , The Alchemist(1610) and Bartholomew Fair (1614) and for his lyric poetry. He was first in the line of poet critics like Dryden, Wordsworth, Arnold, T.S. Eliot. He translated ( in verse ) Horace’s Ars poetica. Most of his Criticism is embodied in Timber or Discoveries made upon man and matter

      • In the last quarter of 16th century, the hostility of puritans posed a challenge to the status of poetry. Best puritan attack is by Stephen Gosson in “School of Abuse”. Sidney countered this attack with his apology for poetry/ poesy also known as defence of poetry in 1585.
      • According to Sidney poetry “is  an art of imitation… To speak metaphorically, a speaking picture with this end- to teach and delight”.
      • The first mention of the unities of time and place in England is found in Defence of poesy. Although Ben leniently kept unity of time and action, he often disregarded unity of place even in his own plays.

      • Ben Jonson took part in Poetomachia.
      • He followed all the 3 unities.

       Tudor trio : JOHN CHEKE, ROGER ASCHAM AND THOMAS WILSON


        Restoration

        1. John Dryden : he was made England’s first Poet Laureate in 1668. He founded  modern prose style.Walter Scott called him “Glorious john” and Dr. Jonson called him “Father of English Criticism”.

        • His critical works are : essay on satire, essay on heroic tragedy, Essay on fables and Essay on Dramatic poesy.
        • Plato said poetry is to instruct, Aristotle to delight, Horace to do both and Longinus to transport, for Dryden poetry is to delight and transport. 
        • Dryden defends tragic comedy. Although Dryden followed Aristotle to depths and breadths, he states if ancients knew about tragic comedy Aristotle might have revised his rules.
        • Dryden is the master of liberal criticism. He did not stick strictly to the 3 unities. He supported English drama over French for not following the unities.
        • In the Essay on Drammatic poesy 4 men argue: 1. Crites ( the classicist) argued in favour of classical models over modern drama. 2. Eugenius ( the modernist) argued against crites’ stand. 3. Lisideus ( the french) supportef French drama over English. 4. Neander ( the new man) argued against French drama.

        Neo classical

        1. Alexander pope : He is best known for his satirical verse and for his translation of Homer, and he is also famous for his use of the heroic couplet.
        2. Dr. Samuel Johnson : he is pioneer in the field of Biographical Criticism. His fame as a biographer rests on his ‘lives of the poets’

        • Popes chief works in criticism are 1. Essay on Criticism, 2. Immitations of the epistle of Horace to Augustus, 3. Letters, 4. Preface to Shakespeare’s plays. 
        •  An Essay on Criticism: The poem was said to be a response to an ongoing debate on the question of whether poetry should be natural, or written according to predetermined artificial rules inherited from the classical past. Composed in heroic couplets (pairs of adjacent rhyming lines of iambic pentameter) and written in the Horatian mode of satire.
        • He believes that the “Imitation of the ancients” is the ultimate standard for taste. Pope also says, “True ease in writing comes from art, not chance, / As those move easiest who have learned to dance” meaning poets are made, not born.
        • He advocates use of Noble language. For him a critic is a better judge, he is born with this gift and he has to be well versed in the rules of ancients.
        • The phrase “fools rush in where angels fear to tread” from Part III of Essay on Criticism has become part of the popular lexicon and is used by E.M. Forster in his 1905 Novel’s title.
        • About Shakespeare, Pope remarks ” Shakespeare kept bad company that he wrote to please the populace.



        • Major works of Dr. Samuel Johnson are: preface to dictionary of English language, Preface to Shakespeare, Lives of the poets, Essays contributed to Rambler ( a periodical founded and edited by himself).
        • Poetry should please but it should have truth, epic is the highest form of poetry. Johnson disliked Blank verse ( verse only to the eye).
        • Unity of time and place are not kept by Johnson only unity of action was given some weight.
        • He defends tragic comedy and so defends Shakespeare for being true to nature. As in real life good bad, joy sorrow exist simultaneously so does tragedy and comedy in Shakespearean dramas.

        If you like the blog just share or subscribe to fairycrush for there are more vedios to follow.

        Also comment below and dont forget to like literary Criticism Timeline.